One of the most famous symbols of Prague is The Church of Our Lady before Tyn, a gothic styled church more than 600 years old. Along with the other important heritages of Prague like Old Town Hall and Astronomical Clock, St. Nicholas Church and Prague National Gallery on the Old Town Square. Due to its location on one of the most popular spots in Prague, The Church of Our Lady before Tyn is one of the most visited places in Prague. Also, its known as a Tyn Church or Tyn Cathedral because of its long name.
History of The Church of Our Lady before Tyn
Actually, there was another Romanesque church on the spot around the 11th century. That church was built by the foreign merchant. In the year of 1256 that Romanesque church was replaced with an early style gothic church. Especially from the beginning of the 14th century, construction works were started to intensify. Matthias of Arras who was a French architect and Peter Parler who was a German-bohemian architect were influenced the gothic style of the church. The construction of the church was nearly completed at the beginning of the 15th century, except the towers, gable and roof.
The entire construction of the church was completed in 1511 by the addition of Hussites, John of Rokycan (archbishop of Prague) and George of Podebrady. There was the sculpture of George of Podebrady inside the church just under the symbol of the Hussites, a big golden chalice. But these kinds of sculptures were removed and replaced by the sculpture of the Virgin Mary in 1626 after the starting of the Counter-Reformation occurred by the loss of the Battle of White Mountain in 1960.
Also, the giant halo inside the church was made the melting of the previous sculptures inside The Church of Our Lady before Tyn. The day is not clearly known but in 1679 church was struck by heavy lighting which caused a massive fire. During the fire old vault also damaged. Old Vault was replaced with lower Baroque vault during the re-construction efforts. However, renovation of the Tyn Church is still continuing even today.
Design and Architecture of Tyn Church
The Church of Our Lady before Tyn is a very good example of the Gothic style. You may see a couple of great works of the Peter Parler inside the church, including the crucifixion. Also, a stone baldaquin from 1493 which originally covered the tomb of Augustin Luciano of Mirandola who was a bishop. Churchs organ is famous, too. Because it is one of three oldest protected and preserved pipe organs in entire Prague. It is like a national monument for Czech. One of the most standing features of the Tyn Church is its tower. Church has two towers with 80 meters long. You can see its tower from most of Prague. I can write hundreds of words about the Design and Architecture of Tyn Church but I can think you should discover them by yourself.
Where is The Church of Our Lady before Tyn?
As I mentioned, in the beginning, Tyn Church is located at the heart of Prague, Old Town Square. Thy Church is just on the eastern side of the Old town Square. Don’t worry you won’t miss it. You will first saw its two black towers. To go inside church you just need to follow the narrow street entrance left side of the Tyn Church. You can go to the Old town by walking just anywhere from the Prague centre. If you go to the Prague Castle during the day you can take a walk from there to the Charles Bridge, then follow the road next to the Clementinum and The National Library of Prague and walk until you see the Astronomical Clock. The Church of Our Lady before Tyn is just in front of you!
If you started the day by visiting the Wenceslas Square and National Museum of Prague, just road to the end of the square until you see the Mustek metro station. Just walk between the narrow streets of Prague until you see the Astronomical Clock and hear the sound of the crowd. For the public transport, Staroměstská and Mustek metro stations are the closes one to the Tyn Church.
The Church of Our Lady before Tyn Tickets and Tour
Tyn Church is an active holy building. Visiting the church is totally free for everyone and you don’t need to buy a ticket but the donations will be accepted with gratitude. If you want to visit the church by yourself just go to the Old Town Square enter to the Tyn Church. Also, you can use the widget below to find attractions related to the Tyn Church. But keep in mind, most of the tours will give information about the church from outside. Tour probably won’t include an inside tour of the Tyn Church. However, you also used the widget below to find top attractions in Prague.
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