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Panoramic Prague view and old town

Prague Travel Guide: Everything You Need to Know

Prague is the capital and the largest city of Czech where is also one of the most important travel centres in Europe. In this Prague travel guide, you will find everything from you need to plan a trip to Prague, a very historical city and the hearth of the Bohemia. I will start with a brief history of Prague and Bohemia to give you brief information about why this place is so iconic. By the way, Bohemia is the western part of the Czech and also the most historic. From time to time, Bohemia can be used to define the entire Czech with Moravia and Czech Silesia. Then, I will give information about the city, airports, public transport, local foods, where to stay, what to do and more. You can directly read the section you desire from the table of content below. Let’s start and dive into the Prague travel guide.

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Basic Facts About Prague

Prague is not the biggest or most touristic spot in Europe but it is one of the most important ones without a doubt. Because Prague has a very long-standing history that represents it with unique landmark around the city; Prague Castle, Astronomical Clock, Clementinum, Wenceslas Square, Vysehrad Castle and more. In this part of Prague travel guide, you will find the basic facts about Prague to have a basic idea about the region, lifestyle and history.

When Was The Prague Founded?

Prague history dates back to the 5th century during the right of the Great Moravian Empire and the Premsylid Dynasty. But the official foundation year of the Prague accepted at 880. Because around 880, Prague Castle was founded by the princes Borijov who was the first princes of the Premsylid. After the construction of the Prague Castle, throne moved here and the city became the centre of the empire.

Where is Prague and What is the Population?

Prague is located very centre in Europe and a very important city for central Europe. As you know, Cezch is surrounded by Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Poland. Prague always was a major political, cultural and economic centre for the Europe entire history. Also, you can find a flight from almost everywhere in the world to Prague’s main and only airport, Vaclav Havel. However, if you like train trips, you can find direct lines from many of the European countries to the main train station in Prague, Hlavní nádraží. Prague is a very touristic spot but the city is not that crowed like Istanbul or London, which is good for you. Today, more than 1.3 million people are living the Prague city centre and more 2.7 million over the entire Prague metropolitan area. When you think that the annual tourist number of Prague is over 8 million, the city’s low number of inhabitant is a bit of luck for the travellers.

Is Prague  Worth Visiting?

YES, YES, YES! Every year more than 8 million people won’t be wrong, right? Prague is one of the most historical city not only in Europe, the entire world. There are tons of places, museum, bridges and parks that you can visit. Also, you can stop one of the restaurants to experience Czech cuisine from the first hand.

Is It Safe to Travel to Prague?

The short and definitive answer is YES! Prague is a safe city for travellers and tourists. But every city has its own dangers. Especially during the summer be careful about pickpocketing when you are with the crowd (especially on the tram line 22). Also, you may ignore to go to the park near the Prague main train station where is known as Sherwood among the locals. Because that park is commonplace for the holes, drug addicts and beggars. To check more tips about the travel scams in Prague you can read this page from TravelScams. Based on Travel Safe Abroad, Prague has 83 safety out of 100 which is very high for a city like this touristic. If you need to call the officials in case of emergency you can use the numbers below without charge or payment.

  • Czech police: 158
  • Czech city police: 156
  • European emergency phone number: 112
Vltava river and Prague
Vltava rivers divide Prague into two (Source).

History of Prague: Past to Present

We can define the area between Prague Castle and Vysehrad Castle as a settlement area of Prague. This zone always was the home of different cultures, nations, tribes and countries even from ancient history. The official foundation date of Prague is 880 but its history goes more way back to the pages of the history. In this part of Prague travel guide, I will divide Prague history into the centuries to be more specific and understandable. Especially from the 13th century, Prague witnessed a very important event almost every century and each of them added value to the city historical treasure.

4000 BC: First Settlements

Yes, that’s true. Prague’s history dates back to even 4000 BC. It is well known that before the arrival of Slavs there were Celtic and German tribes all over the Prague. Even the name of Bohemia comes from the Celtic Tribe called Boii. This name is still in use at the western part of the Czech.

During 6th Century: Arrival of Slavs

Based on the historical records, during the 6th century, both banks of the Vltava river were occupied by the Slavs. Also, Czech and Zlicanis were built two wooden fortresses on the two sides on the Vltava river, within their borders. Sometime later, Avars conquered the Prague until the uniting of all Slav tribes by the Frankish trader Samo. After the union of all Slav tribes, they drove to Avars out of Prague.

Pottery and goods belongs to the Slavs in Prague.
You can see the items belongs to the Slav from 6th century at the Prague city museum (Source).

9th to 13th Century: The Foundation

Prague was the part of the short-lived Great Moravian Empire but Cezch finally gets their independence from them. Anyway, the Great Moravian Empire only lived around 70 years until the end of the 906 from 833. As I mentioned above, the Prague Castle was built by the Prince Borivoj and after this Prague became a very important centre for Bohemia and also for Europe. Prague Castle quickly became an important trade spot for the merchant from all over Europe because of Prague’s strategic and logistic location. In 1085, the first stone bridge over the Vltava river built by the first king of Czech, Vratislav II. This first stone bridge, Judith Bridge collapsed due to massive flood in 1342 and a new bridge took its place in 1357, Charles Bridge (Karluv Most). In the 13th century, Old Town (Stare Mesto) started to built by the order of King Otakar.

14th Century: Roman Reign

Holy Roman Emperor John of Luxembourg became the King of Bohemia. Prague city grew and grew under the right of Luxembourg dynasty. Especially during the rule of Charles IV, Prague became one of the largest and richest city all over the years. Many historical places of Prague founded during this reign, Hradcany, Old Town Hall, Charles Bridge, New Town and more. Charles IV was elected the Holy Emperor of the Roman Empire and as a result of this event, Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire.

Charles Bridge over the Vltava river
Charles Bridge over the Vltava river (Source).

15th Century: Hussites

This century witnessed the religious conflicts between the Roman Catholic Church and Hussites. The main reason for this conflict was Jan Hus. He was a very strong advocate of the church reform, church convicted for the treason and executed him. Death of the Jan Hus leads the rebellion of the Hussite preacher Jan Zelinsky. As a result of this rebellion, Catholics were driven from the Town Hall and Prague. City started to rule by the Hussites until the next century. Also, a couple of important places and Prague Castle damaged during the rebellion.

16th Century: Habsburg Family

Habsburg family conquered the Prague in 1526 and they reconstructed the damages buildings, monuments and the entire city. About 50 years later, Rudolf II became the Holy Roma Emperor and his reign lasted until 1612. Under his reign, Prague evolved in a very different way, to science and alchemy. Even, Prague got a name for it “Magic Prague”. Many famous sciences and alchemist came to Prague and worked at Charles University and other important places.

Drawing of Prague Castle in 1606
Drawing of Prague Castle in 1606 (Source).

17th Century: Unfortunate Years of Prague

This century was witnessed as very bad and saddening events. During the uprising in 1618 two of the Habsburg councillors and their secretary killed by throwing from the Prague Castle. Like a chain of event, Thirty Years War started after this uprising and much of the Europe and som part of the Bohemia devastated and many people lost their lives. In 1620, Protestant were lost the Battle of the White Mountain and Prague lost its independence too. Saxons invaded the Prague and Swedes moved to the Hradcany and Mala Strana. During this centre, Prague lost more than %50 of its population.

18th Centruy: Dividing of Prague

The major planning about the settlement plans of Prague held in 1784. Prague divided into the four urban areas; Old Town (Stare Mesto), Lesser Town (Malá Strana), Hradčany and New Town (Nové město). Especially during this century, the revival of Cezch culture and language come to in an existence under the reign of the Joseph II. This era of Czech and Prague history also known as National Revival. National Theatre Prague is one of the biggest symbol this century. You can take a look at the National Theatre Prague from street view below.

19th Century: Industrial Revolution

This century is the times for the industrial revolution like many cities around the world. Especially with the construction of the main railway line between Prague and Vienna added great value to the industrial revolution.  Also in 1890, a very important monument, the Prague National Museum was opened. However, the population of Prague increase in a very high number during the century with the effect of the industrial revolution.

20th Century: Modern Prague

After World War I, Czechoslovakia became an independent country as a result of collapsing of the Austro-Hungarian empire in 1918. Like during the previous times, once more Prague Castle became a home of the new ruler, first president of Czechoslovakia, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. During World War II, Czechoslovakia invaded by Nazi Germany and stayed under the invasion until the end of the war. After World War II, Czechoslovakia ruled by the communist until the 17th November 1989. Especially in the 1950s, Czechoslovakia suffered a big economic crisis and depression. After the Velvet Revolution, Czechoslovakia became a democratic country and first democratic elections held on January 1990 and Václav Havel became the president. Only 3 years later, Czechoslockiva divide into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and Prague became the capital of the country.

Modern Prague at night
Modern Prague at night (Source).

How to Go to Prague?

Prague Vaclav Havel Airport

City has one airport located in the western part of the city. Prague Vaclav Havel Airport is about 15 km away from the Prague Old City Center. This airport is one of the oldest airports in Cezch and Europe, constructed in 1932. Unfortunately, there is no metro or tram line from Prague Vaclav Havel Airport to the Prague city centre. In addition to this, there is an extensive bus network covers the public transport needs between Prague Vaclav Havel Airport and Prague city centre. Don’t forget to buy your bus tickets from the inside of the airport. However, there is a stop for the intercity coach lines operates by the RegioJet. The other option is to use the Airport Express line operates between Prague Main Train Station (Hlavni nadrazi) and Vaclav Havel Airport. You can find a detailed list of bus lines that you can use below. Also, check the table to find more information about bus lines and where you can purchase bus tickets inside the airport.

  • 100: Zličín
  • 119: Divoká Šárka – Veleslavín train station
  • 191: Divoká Šárka – Petřiny – Anděl
  • 910 (Night Line): I.P. Pavlova – Kačerov – Modřany
  • Airport Express: From Prague Main Train Station to the airport
  • RegioJet intercity bus lines: In front of Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 (under the airbridge)
Bus Line Hours Metro
Transfer
Travel
Time
100 05.13 – 00.32 Line A 18 min
119 05.13 – 00.32 Line B 15 min
191 04.54 – 00.35 Line B 50 min
910 00.00 – 04.00 80 min
Airport Express 05.30 – 22.00 30 min
Ticket
Office
Opening
Hour
Closing
Hour
Terminal 1 07.00 22.00
Terminal 2 07.00 22.00
Visitor Center (Terminal 1) 07.00 22.00
Visitor Center (Terminal 2) 08.00 22.00
Ticket Machines 7/24

Prague Main Train Station: Hlavni nadrazi

Because of Prague’s central location, it is also possible to go to the city by using international train lines from other countries. Prague Main Train Station or with its local name Hlavni nadrazi is located at the very centre of Prague. Both domestic and international train lines operate between Prague Main Train Station (Hlavni nadrazi) and other cities. You can check the table below to find the most common lines operates to Prague from other countries. You can also transfer to the metro line C, tram and bus lines from the train station.

Route Company Travel Time
Berlin (Germany) EuroCity 4.5 hours
Bratislava (Slovakia) EuroCityRegioJet 4 hours
Budapest (Hungary) EuroCity 7 hours
Vienna (Austria) Railjet / RegioJet 4 hours
Warsaw (Poland) EuroCity 8 hours

Prague Public Transport: Maps, Tickets and Lines

The essential part of the Prague travel guide is the details about the Prague public transport. Public transport maps, tickets, lines and more detailed that you can use during your time Prague. The first thing you need to know about Prague public transport is the name of the company. All the public transport operated the PID, Prague Integrated Transport. Prague has one of the best and efficient public transport systems in entire Europe. Maybe the city doesn’t have tons of metro lines but with existing metro, tram and bus lines public transportation system covers most of the Prague city. In this part of Prague travel guide, you will find information about buying public transport tickets, travelling around Prague, maps and crucial information about public transport. I will divide the public transport into four sections, metro, tram, bus lines and other options.

What Type of Ticket Do You Need?

Like in many cities, Prague also has different type of public transport tickets you can buy. Basically you can buy one of the four different types of public transport tickets in Prague; 30 minutes, 90 minutes, 24 hours and 72 hours. If you are looking for a longer time period you may buy Monthly (30 days), Quarterly (90 days) or Yearly but you won’t need them as long as you are not going to live in Prague. You can find the common rules and more details about the Prague public transport tickets below.

  • Tickets are valid on all lines (Metro, tram, bus, ferry, funicular, S-lines except AirportExpress bus line)
  • All tickets are fully transferable
Validity Full Price Discounted
30 min. 1,00 USD 0,50 USD
90 min. 1,30 USD 0,65 USD
24 hours 4.50 USD 2,25 USD
72 hours 13,00 USD
Monthly 27,00 USD 670
Quarterly 80,00 USD 1880
Yearly 250,00 USD 6100

*Don’t forget to check the exact prices from PID website.

Where Can You Buy Tickets?

You can use one of the multiple ways to buy Prague public transport tickets. Remember you may need to use cash money to buy tickets from several spots. It is always better to carry a low amount of cash or change money with you in case you need. However, don’t forget to validate your tickets when boarding to the metro, tram, bus or any other public transport vehicle. You can find ways and places to buy Prague public transport tickets below.

  • Information centres around the city
    • 3 of them is located at the Prague main train station (Hlavna Nadrazi)
    • 1 of them is located at the Wenceslas Square near the Mustek metro station
    • 1 of them is located at the Prague City Hall
  • Inside all trams (Only with credit/debit card)
  • Inside every bus from the driver (Only with credit/debit card)
    • These tickets are a little more expensive than the other ways to avoid the crowd and waiting time
  • Yellow vending machines located all around the Prague
  • Newspapers shops
  • A mobile application of PID from AppStore and Google Play

Prague Metro System: Line A, B and C

The backbone of the Prague public transport system is the metro lines. Prague metro carries more than 600 million (Yes, million) passengers every year. That’s equal almost half of the total number of traveller every year. In total, the Prague metro system has over a 60 station on a 62 km of line. Prague metro system first opened in 1974 and its more than 45 years old. Despite of its age, metro stations and cars are quite clean, fast, efficient and the most important secure to use and travel. Currently, there are 3 lines at the Prague metro system and defined with colours. A new line referred to as the blue line is planning to be opened in 2023-2024. You may find the details of metro lines below and their intersections with other metro lines.

  • Green Line (Metro Line A): From Nemocnice Motol to Depo Hostivar
    • Yellow Line (Metro Line B): Mustek
    • Red Line (Metro Line C): Muzeum
  • Yellow Line (Metro Line B): From Zlicin to Cerny Most
    • Green Line (Metro Line A): Mustek
    • Red Line (Metro Line C): Florenc
  • Red Line (Metro Line C): From Lethany to Haje
    • Green Line (Metro Line A): Muzeum
    • Yellow Line (Metro Line B): Florenc
  • Blue Line (Metro Line D): From Namesti Miru to Depo Pisnice

Operating Hours of Prague Metro System

Prague metro systems operate from 04.45 to 00.00. Generally, metro cars run with 1 to 3 min intervals during the day, a bit longer (4 to 10 min) outside the rush hours.  You can take a look at the PID website to find the exact time table or use mobile apps. During your trip on the Prague metro system, you will hear regular announces about the current and next stations, door closings and openings and a couple of warnings about using the metro. You use the night tram and buses outside the operational hours of the metro system. On below, you can find the Prague metro system map. You can’t see the Blue Line (Metro Line D) on the map because it will be opened around 2023-2024.

Prague Metro Lines Map
Prague has a very extensive metro line system that covers most of the city (Source).

Prague Trams: Spider Web Network

Tram network of Prague is really like a spider web. Because in total, there more than 500 km of tram tracks around the city. After the Prague metro system, trams are the 2nd most used public transport system of Prague. There are also night tram lines that you can use during the outside of the operating hours of the Prague metro system. In all of the tramlines of Prague, two of them are the most important for the travellers who came to Prague. In almost every Prague travel guide these two tram lines specified separately; Tram line 22 and 41. You can find the details about these lines below.

  • Tram Line 22: Also called as the Tram 22 follow the best scenic routes around the city with amazing and stunning views. During the trip, you may see the National Theatre, Prague Castle, Belveder and more.
  • Tram Line 41: Also called as the Historical Tram 41 is a historic tram that runs only on weekends between April to mid-November.
Historical tram 41 of Prague
You can choose the historical line no. 41 to get around Prague (Source).

Operating Hours of Prague Tram System

Trams in Prague operates between 04.30 to 00.00 with 8-10 minutes of intervals during the weekdays. Intervals change up to 8 to 15 minutes during the weekends. Also, after midnight there are night trams lines  (Lines 51 to 58) until the 04.30 with around 30 to 40 minutes of intervals. You can check the PID website to find the timetables of each tram line.

Prague Tram Lines Map
Tram network of Prague covers almost every corner of the city (Source).

Prague City Buses

In Prague, you may not need to use buses unless to go to Prague Vaclav Havel Airport or Prague Zoo. Because metro and tram network is very sufficient to get around during your time in Prague. Buses are generally used by the people to go to more outskirts areas of the city. They are running between 04.30 to 00.00 like metro and trams. Also, there are night buses (Lines 501 to 513) that can be used after midnight to 04.30. There are two most important bus lines to be know by you in case of you need to use them.

  • 100 (Bus line): From Zlicin (Metro Line B) to the Prague Vaclav Havel Airport
  • 112 (Bus line): From Nadrazi Holesovice (Metro Line C) to the Prague Zoo
  • 119 (Bus line): From Nadrazi Veleslavin (Metro Line A) to the Prague Vaclav Havel Airport

Prague Funicular (Petrin) and Chairlift (Prague Zoo)

These two may not be count as part of the public transport system in Prague but I think it will be helpful to give some information about them in this Prague travel guide. You can use the Petrin funicular system to go to the Petrin Lookout Tower from the Ujezd tram stop (Lines 9, 12, 15, 20, 22, 23). You can read the full post about Petrin Lookout Tower to get more information about it. Also, there is a chairlift at the Prague Zoo that you can use inside the Prague Zoo to get around. Like the Petrin Chairlift, you can find the detailed information about it on the Prague Zoo post.

Taking a Taxi in Prague: Be Aware of Scams

Like any cities around the world taking a taxi in Prague could be unpleasant from time to time. You should know where are you going, which route you need to take unless you are using a private transfer or Uber. Taxi drivers may overcharge you. Always ask the price before you get on the taxi and about the route. But during the days you may not need to use the taxis because of the extensive public transportation network of Prague. You can check the TravelScams for more information.

Top 20 Places to Visit in Prague

In this part of Prague travel guide, you may find to top 20 places where you can visit to enjoy and the witness of the history of Prague and Czech. I will give only brief information about every place and you can read the detailed posts about each of them separately. This list is not ordered in any way, just random listing. You may prioritize of the places based on your desire.

Where You Can Stay in Prague?

As you read above Prague has a very extensive network almost covers all of the city areas. My suggestion is to find a place to stay on both Old or New Town. Because these places are on the metro lines that you can use public transport directly or even take a walk directly. I want to give more detailed information in this Prague travel guide but where you can stay in Prague should a separate post but you can find the 5 districts where you can stay during your time in Prague.

  1. Old Town: Heart of the Old Prague
  2. New Town: Very close to the Old Town
  3. Zizkov: Close to the nightlife
  4. Vinohrady: Coolest and quietest
  5. Mala Strana: A district for the families

Olsany Cemetery: Largest Necropolis of Prague

Visiting the biggest necropolis of Prague may be a very different experience for you. Today, there are more than 65000 of graves belongs to the various people from different nationals. Olsany Cemetry is not located very close to the Prague city centre but easily accessible with public transport.

Red Army section in the Olsany Cemetery
Red Army section in the Olsany Cemetery (Source).

Vysehrad Castle: National Cultural Monument of Prague

Everyone knows the Prague Castle but there is one more national cultural monument in Prague worth to visit. Vysehrad Castle located about 3 km south of the Wenceslas Square on the eastern bank of the Vltava river. Besides the historical places and building in the Vysehrad, you can enjoy the large park by taking short walks.

Dancing House Prague: Postmodern Hotel

Another popular and well-known building in Prague is the Dancing House. Many just take a short walk to see the building from outside where is located at the eastern side of Jiraskuv Most Bridge. But Dancing House is also a hotel where you can stay and have a restaurant at the top to have dinner with an amazing view of Prague.

National Theatre Prague: Národní Divadlo

A very important symbol and a national monument of both Prague and Czech is the National Theatre Prague (Národní Divadlo). There are more than one building belongs to the National Theatre Prague but the main one is located very close to the Charles Bridge. If you have time don’t forget to buy a ticket and enjoy the show.

St. Nicholas Church: Famous Baroque Church of Prague

Prague has much iconic building with impressive architecture. St. Nicholas Church where is located at the Old Town of Prague is a very good example of the Barque style architecture in Prague. Also, there was a Jesuit College next to the church where is still in use by the Charles University.

St. Nicholas Church from outside
St. Nicholas Church from outside (Source).

John Lennon Wall: Graffiti Wall of Prague

Prague witnessed a very huge protest against different government and regimes during history. On this occasion, John Lennon Wall became the centre for the people who want to show their reaction against oppression after the death of John Lennon. John Lennon Wall is located on the western bank of the Vltava river where is very close to the Charles Bridge and Clementinum.

Petrin Lookout Tower: Watch The Bohemia

Let me tell you this, Petrin Lookout Tower is not as huge as the Eiffel Tower in Paris but still worth to visit. It’s more like a small replica of the Eiffel Tower but you will definitely enjoy with the view from here through thee all Prague. Some of the Prague travel guides may ignore this cute tower but you should see it.

Strahov Monastery and Strahov Library

Just located on the southwest of the Prague Castle, you can visit the 2nd oldest monetary in Prague, Strahov Monastery. There is also Strahov Library worth to visit and very famous with its Theological and Philosophical Hall. I’m strongly suggesting to you to visit Strahov Monastery and Strahov Library, be sure you won’t regret it.

The Jewish Quarter (Josefov) and Old Jewish Cemetry

A place for massive graves and pains in the very heart of the Prague Old Town. The Jewish Quarter (Josefov) is a Jewish Ghetto of Prague where is home of the people who suffered because of their belief and lifestyle. You can visit Six Synagogue of Prague and also the oldest Jewish Cemetery in Prague.

Prague Zoo: One of Best with Over 6000 Animals

If you get bored (probably not) getting around in Prague centre you may visit the Prague Zoo to spend your day with thousands fo animal from everywhere around the world. Prague Zoo is also known as a Prague Zoological Garden because of its historical and ongoing studies over both animal and plant species.

Giraffe exposition is one of the most visited part of the Prague Zoo
Giraffe exposition is one of the most-visited parts of the Prague Zoo (Source).

Prague Municipal House: Home of Smetana Hall

The very centre of the cultural and social activities in Prague is the Prague Municipal House and its Smetana Hall. Prague Municipal House (Obenic Dum) is located very close to The Church of Our Lady before Tyn. Smetana Hall of the Prague Municipal House has capacity more than 1200 people and the hall is just AMAZING and STUNNING!

National Gallery Prague: Kinsky Palace

Kinsky Palace is the major building of the National Gallery Prague and the well-known and visited one in Prague. National Gallery Prague have couple of building where you can visit permanent and temporary collection bout both Czech culture and other topics. Kinsky Palace is located at the Old Town Center and very iconic building with its pink-white colour.

The Church of Our Lady before Tyn

Another and iconic religious building located in the Old Town Center is The Church of Our Lady before Tyn. Tyn Church is older than 600 years and magnificent wit its gothic style architecture. You may enter the church through a very narrow street just next to the Kinsky Palace at the square.

St. Vitus Cathedral: The Largest Temple in Prague

You can visit the largest and the most important religious building of Prague inside the Prague Castle. St. Vitus Cathedral where is also the centre of the archbishop. Don’t forget to visit the St. Wenceslas Chapel inside the St. Vitus Cathedral and take a look at the holy relics from the previous centries.

Old Town Square and the Astronomical Clock of Prague

The most visited part of the Prague is the Old Town Square and Astronomical Clock of Prague. Old Town is also known as the Stare Mesto and also the home of a couple of other iconic landmarks inside the Old Town Square. You can also visit the Kinsky Palace, Tyn Church and St. Nicholas Church at the Square.

Winter market on the Old Town Square
Winter Market on the Old Town Square (Source).

The Clementinum and The National Library of Prague

With more than 6 millions of books, The Clementinum and the National Library is a place where you should visit. The Clementinum and the National Library is located just next to the eastern entrance of the Charles Bridge and also very close to the Old Town Square. There are different part of the Clementinum where you visit like Astronomical Tower, Baroque Library and Vysehrad Codex.

Prague National Museum: Oldest Museum in Czech

Located at the beginning of the Wenceslas Square, Prague National Museum (Národní Muzeum)  is the oldest museum in Czech.  There are more than 14 million items are currently holds by the museum. In total, there 13 different building belongs to the Prague National Museum but the major and biggest is located at the entrance of the Wenceslas Square.

Wenceslas Square: Prague’s New Town (Nové Mesto)

A part of the Prague New Town, Wenceslas Square witnessed many major events during the recent history, resolutions, wars and protests. There are couple of important and historical buildings located around or very close to the Wenceslas Square where worth to visit like Palac Koruna, Adam Pharmacy, Hotel Julis, Wiehl House and more.

Charles Bridge (Karluv Most): Oldest Bridge in Prague

There are couple old impressive bridges over the Vltava river where is divides Prague into two. Charles Bridge (Karluv Most) is the oldest and most famous among those bridges. In total, there 30 statues over the bridge, 15 on the northern side and 15 on the southern side. Each statue has its own story where you need to spend a couple of minutes to read experience. Charles Bridge is the busiest pedestrian crossing over the Vltava river between the Prague Old Town and Prague Castle.

Prague Castle Tour: Home of Bohemia’s Kings

The biggest witness of Czech history is the Prague Castle. Where is mentioned in detailed every single of Prague travel guide, Prague Castle is a place where you should visit. Inside the Prague Castle there are a couple of other iconic and important places where you can visit like, Old Royal Palace, St. Vitus Cathedral, St. George’s Basilica, Rosenberg Palace and more.

How to Discover Prague: Tours and Tickets

You don’t need to join any tours or activities to discover Prague. Just take a metro or tram and go wherever you want. Also, if you like to read that’s enough to discover everywhere by yourself. But based on my experience joining tours specially designed to discover Prague will definitely worth its price and help you to get the most of you can from Prague. I will give three of the most rated tours about Prague you can joint to discover the Prague. Don’t forget the other tours and read the comment before buying any of them. However, if you share your experiences on the comment section about the Prague tour I will update the content of this Prague travel guide to be more helpful to the others.

 

Prague Castle: Small-Group Tour with Local Guide

In this 3 hours long tour you can explore the Prague Castle in the most way possible with a live tour guide in English, German, Spanish and French. Don’t forget to wear comfortable shoes before joining the tour to avoid foot pain during the day. You may find the details about the tour below.

Prague: Ultimate Jewish Quarter Tour with Tickets Included

The Jewish Quarter of Prague (Josefov) is a place where you should visit and witnessed the history of pain and massive graves. This 3-hour long tour is the most extensive and comprehensive one if you want to join a tour to visit the Jewish Quarter. Also, you have a live tour guide with English, German, French, Spanish or Italian.

  • Visiting the Old-New Synagogue
  • Exploring the Old Jewish Cemetery
  • Holocaust victims memorial
  • Exterior visit of the Spanish Synagogue
  • House of Franz Kafka

Prague Private Full-Day Walking Tour

This one may be a bit of expensive than the others but be sure that it is the best one to discover Prague with 6 hour-long walking tour. You have to spend your whole day for this tour but if you want to discover whole Prague it is the right answer. You will have only a group of 10 people with a private guide and have his/her full attention. Don’t forget to wear comfortable clothes and shoes and get ready for the thousands of step in a day!

 

Prague Travel Guide and F.A.Q.

I try to give you every detail about the basic facts about Prague, the history of Prague, how can you go to the Prague, Prague public transport system, districts you can stay in Prague, top 20 places to visit in Prague and top 3 tours to join Prague in this Prague travel guide. Every contribution will be made by you on the comment section will help me to improve the content and quality of this Prague travel guide. However, you may find some general Frequently Asked Questions about Prague below to find the answers of the most asked questions.

How can you go to the Prague city centre from Prague Vaclav Havel Airport?

You can use the airport express goes to the Prague Main Train station or take one of the bus lines 100, 119, 191 and 910 (Nightline). If you take a taxi from Prague Vaclav Havel Airport to the city centre it should take around 30-40 USD.

Is Prague Safe for Tourist?

Yes, but be aware of some places in the city. You can find full details on the Travel Safe Abroad about Prague.

Can You Drink Tap Water in Prague?

Yes, tap water can be drink in Prague but from time to time a high level of chlorine may irritate you.

Do People Speak English in Prague?

They may not know English as native level but you won’t have any problem communicating with people anywhere.

Is Prague Expensive City?

No, not at all. You may have a very good time in Prague with mid-level of travel budget.

Can You Spend Euros or Dollars in Prague?

Czech uses the crown (CZK) as its currency but euros and dollar can be used all around the city. However, you need the Czech Crown if you need to buy tickets in cash.

Is There Any Nightline For Public Transport in Prague?

For trams, you can use lines from 51 to 58 and buses from 501 to 513 between 00.00 and 04.30.

Is UBER Active in Prague?

Yes, you can use UBER to get around in Prague. Also, it is way cheaper than the regular yellow taxis of Prague, around 1 USD per each km.

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